The Phenomenon of Christian Prince and Ustaz Charis Bangun Samudra

The Defenders of the Faith?


  • Abraham Silo Wilar Jakarta Theological Seminary



Construction, Image, Multi-discipline, Apologetics, Religious Phobia


The  phenomenon of  Christian Prince  and Ustaz Charis Bangun Samudra has generated a  specific image of the profiles  as the defenders of the faith as the constructed image of the two that is popularly and publicly known.  This article investigates the image with a multidisciplinary methodology to show the multiple images that are communicated by the phenomenon. This article addresses revivalism of religious apologetic of both communities, religious phobia, Christianophobia, and  Islamophobia in the communities to argue that the image cannot be justified theologically since it contradicts the religious ethics of the theological approach employed in this article.


Keywords:  Construction,  Image,  Multi-discipline,  Apologetics, and  Religious Phobia


Fenomena Christian  Prince  dan Ustaz Charis  Bangun  Samudra membentuk suatu  konstruksi  citra  yang  sangat  spesifik  bagi  masing-masing  tokoh  tersebut. Konstruksi  citra tersebut adalah  Pembela  Kebenaran Iman  (PKI). Tulisan  ini menginvestigasi citra  tersebut dengan  menggunakan  suatu  pendekatan  multidisiplin. Dengan  menggunakan  pendekatan  tersebut,  tulisan  ini berargumen bahwa citra Pembela  Kebenaran Iman  (PKI) tersebut bukan satu-satunya hal yang  dikomunikasikan  oleh fenomena tersebut.  Masih  banyak  citra  lain  yang muncul  dari fenomena tersebut.  Dengan  argumen  tersebut,  lebih  lanjut,  saya mengajukan  tesis  bahwa  citra  Pembela Kebenaran Iman tersebut tidak  dapat  dibenarkan  secara  teologis karena bertentangan dengan prinsip religious ethics yang ada di dalam pendekatan teologi yang  digunakan  oleh artikel  ini. Artikel ini mendeskripsikan  revivalisme apologetika relijius di komunitas Kristen dan Islam, dan religious phobia, yaitu,  Islamophobia dan Christianophobia, sebagai konten utama dari fenomena tersebut dan yang memperlihatkan persoalan teologis dari citra tersebut.

Kata-kata  Kunci:  konstruksi, citra, multi-disiplin, apologetika, dan  religious phobia.


Download data is not yet available.


100huntley. “Nabeel Qureshi ‘Seeking Allah, Finding Jesus’ Ahmadi Muslim converts to Christianity.” Youtube. Last modified 2014. Diakses Juli 10, 2020.
Abdullah, Ismail. “Tawḥīd and Trinity: A Study of Ibn Taymiyyah’s al-Jawāb al Ṣaḥīḥ.” Intellectual Discourse 14, no. 1 (2006): 89–106.
Al-Haj, Hatem. “In Defense of Faith: Principles and Guidelines for Islamic Apologetics.” Yaqeen Institute. Last modified 2020. Diakses Juli 20, 2020.
Awad, Najib George. Orthodoxy in Arabic terms: A study of Theodore Abū Qurra’s theology in its Islamic context. Boston, MA: Walter de Gruyter, 2015.
Christian Prince. Qur’an and Science in Depth: This Book Go in Deep Study about the Qur’an and Science Investigating the Truthful of Facts or Claims. Qur’an And Science, 2015.
———. Sex And Allah. Vol. 1. Christian Prince, 2018.
———. Sex And Allah. Vol. 2. Christian Prince, 2018.
———. “The Christian Prince.” Diakses Juli 7, 2020.
———. The Deception of Allah. Usama Dakdok Publlishing, 2011.
Christian Prince - Bahasa Indonesia. “Christian Prince: Shocking!! Jesus Evidently Never Knew The Bible - Ustadz Insan Mokoginta.” Last modified 2020. Diakses Juli 7, 2020.
———. “Christian Prince: Shocking!! Jesus Evidently Never Knew The Bible - Ustadz Insan Mokoginta.” Youtube. Last modified 2020. Diakses Juli 7, 2020.
Griffith, Sidney H. The Church in the Shadow of the Mosque: Christians and Muslims in the World of Islam. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2010.
———. “The Monk in the Emir’s Majlis: Reflections on a Popular Genre of Cristian Literary Apologetics in Arabic in the Early Islamic Period.” In The Majlis: Interreligious Encounters in Medieval Islam, diedit oleh Hava Lazarus-Yafeh, Mark R. Cohen, Sidney H. Griffith, dan Sasson Somekh, 13–65. Otto Harrassowitz, 1999.
Harmakaputra, Hans Abdiel. “Muslim-Christian Debates in The Early ’Abbasid Period: The Cases of Timothy I and Theodore Abu Qurra.” Miqot: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman 38, no. 2 (2014): 435–445.
Heaven’s Door باب الجنة. “Ahmed Deedat vs Anis Shorrosh - Quran or Bible which is God’s Word.” Youtube. Diakses Juli 8, 2020.
Husseini, Sara Leila. “Early Christian Explanations of the Trinity in Arabic in the Context of Muslim Theology.” Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Birmingham, 2011.
Janosik, Daniel J. John of Damascus: First Apologist to the Muslims – The Trinity and Christian Apologetics in the Early Islamic Period. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications, 2016.
Komsos Keuskupan Agung Semarang. “Tanggapan Pastor Asli #2: Jurus Akrobatik Ustad Bangun Samudra.” Youtube. Last modified 2020. Diakses Juli 8, 2020.
Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: The First Complete Edition in English. Diedit oleh Bruce Fink. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company, 2006.
Lean, Nathan. The Islamophobia Industry: How the Right Manufactures Fear of Muslims. New York, NY: Pluto Press, 2012.
Qureshi, Nabeel. Answering Jihad: A Better Way Forward. Michigan, MI: Zondervan, 2016.
———. No God but One: Allah or Jesus – A Former Muslim investigates the evidence for Islam and Christianity. Michigan, MI: Zondervan, 2016.
———. Seeking Allah, Finding Jesus: A Devout Muslim encounters Christianity. Michigan, MI: Zondervan, 2014.
Schadler, Peter. John of Damascus and Islam: Christian Heresiology and the Intellectual Background to Earliest Christian-Muslim Relations. Leiden: Brill, 2018.
Shorrosh, Anis A. Islam Revealed: A Christian Arab’s View of Islam. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, Inc., 1988.
Shortt, Rupert. Christianophobia: A Faith under Attack. London: Rider Books, 2012.
Shumack, Richard, dan Andy Bannister. Christian Apologetics to Islam: Sylabus. Melbourne: Melbourne School of Theology, 2018.
Sirry, Mun’im A. “Early Muslim–Christian Dialogue: A Closer Look at Major Themes of the Theological Encounter.” Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations 16, no. 4 (2005): 361–376.
Taymiyya, Ibn. A Muslim Theologian’s Response to Christianity. Diterjemahkan oleh Thomas F. Michel dan S.J. Delmar. New York, NY: Caravan Books, 1984.
“Christian Prince : Apakah Dosa Muhammd Diampuni?” Youtube - MPC Channel. Last modified 2020. Diakses Juli 10, 2020.
“Debat Kristen-Islam I: Budi Asali & Esra Soru vs Insan Mokoginta & Mashud SM (Part 3).” Youtube - Esra Alfred Soru. Diakses Juli 8, 2020.
“Debat Sheik vs Cristian Prince, Benarkah Dalam Al-aur’an Muhammad Punya Budak?” Youtube - Bird Church. Last modified 2020. Diakses Juli 7, 2020.
“Debat2 TULIP Unconditional Election MYM vs Steven Liauw.” Youtube - alkitabsungguhbenar. Last modified 2020. Diakses Juli 8, 2020.
“Iranian Muslim Leader accepts Lord Jesus Christ....Dr. Daniel Shayesteh.” Youtube - Your Living Manna. Last modified 2011. Diakses Juli 8, 2020.
“Kajian Ust Bangun Samudra Terbaru 2019 - Masuk Islam Mualaf Karena Dahsyatnya Al Qur’an.” Youtube - Media Qur’ani Official. Last modified 2018. Diakses Juli 10, 2020.
“Tantangan Debat Terbuka untuk Dr. Sanihu Munir dari Rudy LayarTEOLOGI. Yang Kalah, Merobek Ijazah.” Youtube - LayarTeologi. Last modified 2020. Diakses Juli 10, 2020.

Additional Files



How to Cite

Wilar, A. S. (2021). The Phenomenon of Christian Prince and Ustaz Charis Bangun Samudra: The Defenders of the Faith?. Theologia in Loco, 3(1), 116–139.